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OCCURENCE OF MICROFUNGI ON SARCOPHAGUS WITH CLINEA
 
Antalya province, Manavgat district, Side neighborhood, 75 km from the city center. 8 km from the town center. Away. The ancient city is 400 m in the northeast-southwest direction. wide, 1 km. It is located on a peninsula in length. Side Museum; In the ancient city of Side, M.S. It was dated to the 2nd century BC and dated to M.S. It is located in an ancient bathhouse (Agora Bath) which has survived to the present day with the additions and changes in the 5th - 6th centuries. In the garden of the museum, there are grave inscriptions from the Seljuk Period, inscriptions, friezes from the Roman Period, sarcophagi, column bases and columns, mosaic fragments, busts and statues. Sarcophagus with Clinea is one of the most popular works in the Side Museum (Antalya, Turkey). In addition to the degradation of the aesthetic appearance, pits, blisters, ruptures and breaks were observed on Sarcophagus. Historical monuments, our cultural heritage, are exposed to many biological, physical and chemical threats. When biological factors, which have not been detected for many years, are examined, it is revealed that especially birds, lichens, bacteria and micro-fungi pose a serious threat to our historical monuments. As a result of the morphological and molecular genetic investigations, many microfungi species were identified on sarcophagus. The species of the genera Sarcinomyces, Coniosporium, Capnobotryella, Exophiala and Trimmatostroma form small black colonies on stone.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Sarcophagus, Fungi, Deterioration, Side



 


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